Cufon.replace('p#credits');
In Greek, whose color lexicon did not stabilize for many centuries, the words most commonly used for blue are glaukos and kyaneos. The latter probably referred originally to a mineral or a metal; it has a foreign root and its meaning often shifted. During the Homeric period it denoted both the bright blue of the iris and the black of funeral garments, but never the blue of the sky or sea. An analysis of Homer’s poetry shows that out of sixty adjectives describing elements and landscapes in the Iliad and Odyssey, only three are color terms, while those evoking light effects are quite numerous. During the classical era, kyaneos meant a dark color: deep blue, violet, brown, and black. In fact, it evokes more the “feeling” of the color than its actual hue. The term glaukos, which existed in the Archaic period and was much used by Homer, can refer to gray, blue, and sometimes even yellow or brown. Rather than denoting a particular color, it expresses the idea of a color’s feebleness or weak concentration. For this reason it is used to describe the color of water, eyes, leaves, or honey.

∞ 4,279 notes #color#blue#homer

Michel Pastoureau, Blue: The History of a Color (via emmaylor)

The history of how and when civilizations and cultures throughout history began describing or ‘seeing’ or differentiating between the colors blue/green is fascinating

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apiphile:

Food Finish edible spray paint

man i know i’ve harped on this before but i really want some of this shit

(Source: unicorn-meat-is-too-mainstream, via saxifraga-x-urbium)

cozydark:

Bastard Hogberry: Bioinspired Fibers Change Color When Stretched |

A team of materials scientists at Harvard University and the University of Exeter, UK, have invented a new fiber that changes color when stretched. Inspired by nature, the researchers identified and replicated the unique structural elements that create the bright iridescent blue color of a tropical plant’s fruit.

The multilayered fiber, described January 28 in the journal Advanced Materials, could lend itself to the creation of smart fabrics that visibly react to heat or pressure.

“Our new fiber is based on a structure we found in nature, and through clever engineering we’ve taken its capabilities a step further,” says lead author Mathias Kolle, a postdoctoral fellow at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS). “The plant, of course, cannot change color. By combining its structure with an elastic material, however, we’ve created an artificial version that passes through a full rainbow of colors as it’s stretched.”

Since the evolution of the first eye on Earth more than 500 million years ago, the success of many organisms has relied upon the way they interact with light and color, making them useful models for the creation of new materials. For seeds and fruit in particular, bright color is thought to have evolved to attract the agents of seed dispersal, especially birds.

The fruit of the South American tropical plant, Margaritaria nobilis, commonly called “bastard hogberry,” is an intriguing example of this adaptation. The ultra-bright blue fruit, which is low in nutritious content, mimics a more fleshy and nutritious competitor. Deceived birds eat the fruit and ultimately release its seeds over a wide geographic area.

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creativeinspiration:

Color Palette Generator

I’m not sure why I just found out about this but….amazing! So fast and simple!

(via cherrybaum)

Scroll through to about halfway through the post for color theory and science! 

boltong:

catbountry:

dustybins:

pornjunkyard:

dumbthingswhitepplsay:

damnlayoffthebleach:

yarnlass:

damnlayoffthebleach:

http://bekuh.tumblr.com/post/20038239165/baddragonborn-boobermensch

The link is to a Korra fanart and the discussion that followed.  I thought it might just be simpler if you reblogged it. I give this link instead of the original because I thought you might like the chance to respond to some of the comments.

TayTay: 

OH LAWD, I CAME ACROSS THIS ONE. 

……. THE BLEACH….

THE BLEACH IS ALL UP JUST IN THERE 

AND I BET PEOPLE ARE LIKE, OMGAHH IT’S ZE LIGHTING

NO… NO… FIRE DOESN’T MELT MELANIN

- Ugh, shall take a peek at the convo… 

But, what the whole CAPSLOCK CREW to take a gander at it first

BTW: 

THIS IS KORRA REACTION UPON FIRST SEEING THE ARTWORK AND THE PRETTY COLORS

BUT- ONE PIVOTAL COLOR IS MISSING

BROWN….

I FEEL YOUR PAIN KORRA

I FEEL IT 

somebody i pissed off in the comments keeps sending me anons.  this one made me laugh it’s so preciously obvious how much of a clue they haven’t got.

TayTay:

OMGAH THE ANONZ IS SO RIGHT LYKE OMGAHH IT’S THE LIGHTING LYKE OKAY- LYKE- I NOTICED.. NAOW BEAR WITH MEH… I NOTICED THAT WHEN IT’S REALLY BRIGHT OUT… OR LYKE I TURN THE LIGHT ON…

SOME PARANORMAL ACTIVITY GOES ON WITH MY MELANIN… LIKE IT FRICKEN DISAPPEARS 

KSTEW AND I BECOME TWINSIES…

IT IS THE STRANGEST THING… 

FIRE DOESN’T MELT MELANIN

DEAD

FOREVER

Ok i wanna use this chance to talk about somethign really important when it comes to the depiction of light, color and shadows in a visual work. I  hope this can help all the people (both artists and people who enjoy art) who are unsure how to go about this. First, some basics  about light and  color.

Color, unlike most people would think is not an inherent characteristic within objects, unlike concept like form or texture it depends completely on the reflection of light that hit objects around us and wich bouncing rays  arrive to our eyes, and then the sensory stimuli is interpreted by the brain. . The inner workings of the eye can be summed by these stages

1. Trichromatic image capture: colour information is recorded by the responses of the L,M and S cone cells in the retina.

2. Opponent processing: responses from the L,M and S cones are converted into three signals, for brightness, yellowness vs blueness, and redness vs. greenness respectively, the latter two providing our perception of hue and saturation.

3. Processing for colour constancy: information on hue, brightness and saturation from throughout the visual field is analysed and resolved into an interpretation of the hue, brightness and saturation of the illumination, and the hue, value and chroma of the visible surfaces.

Basically our eyes only have the types of cells that can recognize only certain types of wavelenghts in a ray of light, those being Red, green and blue, the union of all of them creating white light. Of course eve nthen that doesnt mean that theyre inherently blue or red or green, or any color we can percieve, its jsut our brain adapting to interpret the stimuli of light that way. Anyway.

This type of colored light mixing is called additive, because it works by adding light.

Light rays, ill keep it short for the sake of simplicity, are made of different kind of wavelenghts as ive said, and the objects act as some sort of lets say, filters, absorbing certain wavelenghts and bouncing other ones!

Heres  a silly chart

Mixin paints by this principle is mixing “filters”, its called subsractice color mixing because it takes away light.

Now taking this into account we can guess rather faithfully how light would bounce with other objects.

With this principle we can gather that red filter (red filter being an object that absorbs green and blue color and bounces red) plus red light = a really saturated boucned light, almost as strong as the source light.

But the opposite also applies- A red filter + (green light)= almost no light boumced, the object will look desaturated and dark because of it.

But as any filter ! any object can get clogged of light in that case their absorbing properties doesnt apply anymore and light just bounces off makign the oject look “light” or with a color near in hue and lightness to the source light. Depending on the kind of object’s reflective surface, this can be achieved with less or more brightness of the source of light. For example, try seeing people as they are under the light sun, their hair will turn really light and yellowlike because of the high reflective qualities of it, as we said thats because theres so much light and its so bright that it “clogs” the filters and the light just bounces pure. The same can happen with skin with the right quantity of light and the right hue, thats why in cloudy days all seems washed out and desaturated, and in sunny days everythign just JUMPS with color!.

To finish this, ill jsut put a real life example.

No, no friends, dont be scared, my cheek is not turning white! Its just the magic of color happening!

The light source is a yellow light,  and with my brown redish skin as weve said, should make it look orange and saturated and for some parts of my face IT DOES! but look at the part directly facing the light, takign the brow of it! it looks almost white!. At this distance and with this much light, my skin is reflecting much more rays from the source, making my skin look clear, almost white/yellow.

Heres some other examples!

Here my hair is taking the brow of light, and therefore reflects most of the light shot at it, giving it a yellow almost white  look, similar to the source. My face, takin the yellow light that bounces from the table im on upwards to my face takes an orange look because my skin doesnt oversaturates on light.

So basically, you have to take matters when depciting a scene

1.- What kind of light source im going for, is it a stron like or a dim one, what color is it and where is it placed?

2.-.The object who id under this light what kind of light it reflects? would it be accentuated by the light or not? What kind of surface it has? is it rugged? shiny? slick?

3.- Learn where to place your highlights, highlights are always the color of the source light! and only appear under certain conditions, itheyre the spice of the picture and if you go overboard or too subtle on them can make the piece lose a lot of strenght.

Anyway, i hope this has been of help to people still trying to figure out how color works, if you think this is too shallow, yo ucan always look at this!

http://www.huevaluechroma.com/index.php

It gives am uch more in dept explanation about the nuances of light, shadow and color than i could ever give.

this is a good post everyone read it

Pffffffffffffft.

THANK YOU

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